The cultural and social environment of sufism an islamic movement in india

sufi saints teachings

This is again to avoid suspicion and ensure the good reputation of the movement. Some of the most important Silsilas during the period of the Sultanate are as follows: 1. However, this latter phenomenon was certainly less common.

Sufi movement history

We know that Sufi and Ismaili groups interacted with Shaiva orders such as the Nath Jogis and the Dasnamis, as with different types of Vaishnava communities. These forms of Sufi practise created an aura of spiritual and religious traditions around prescribed dates. In some countries Sufi leaders were also active politically. His education also fostering generations of students who became saints themselves. As it is well known now, it is only in an older proselytizing movement, that of the Ahmadiyya, that the classical theory of holy war was renounced in favour of totally peaceful conception of preaching Friedmann, , p. He had no son to succeed him and as his prayers to Krishna had remained unanswered, he went to meet a fakir who was meditating in a jungle and reputed to be endowed with miraculous powers. Eaton, there were numerous frictions between the Sunni Sufis and some Shi'a rulers of Bijapur. It does not mean either that the strategy of the movement is devoid of political implications. Its mainstream philosophy is related directly to the heart and contemplating on the name of Allah, i. Brill, p. This royal affiliation gave considerable impetus to the order. But, as the same author explains, the roots of this enmity were more of a political than of a doctrinal nature.

The Muslim general Bure Khan fought bravely with his army of Pathans to defend the kingdom of Jodhpur. This religious agenda has political implications: it keeps religious conflicts in its background; it rejects the framework of nation states and militates against secularization and modernization; by making itself present everywhere, it is building power resources.

By building a syncretic medieval culture tolerant and appreciative of non-Muslims, Sufi saints contributed to a growth of stability, vernacular literature, and devotional music in India. Conclusion These examples were meant to illustrate a particular phenomenon: the patronage of Muslim mystics by mediaeval and post-mediaeval Hindu rulers.

Brill, p.

features of sufi movement

It is also based on the spirit of Quranic purity. Diop Moustapha A. Known as a disciple of Nizamuddin Chishti, Amir was known as the most talented musical poet in the early Muslim period of India. Forms of religious expression changed: love songs to the Lord were sung, and group singing created a new popular cultural form, the Kirtan.

bhakti and sufi movement ppt

According to the royal Nagarchis, he himself used to frequent the top of the Nakkarkhana gate to bow in front of Bolan Shah's chilla. At Srirangapatnam, his capital located near the city of Mysore, in modern Karnataka, he carefully protected and repaired the large temple dedicated to Vishnu which can be still visited today.

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Sufism East and West