Impact of automation and computerization on jobs
Developing a workforce with the skills to use new technologies is the real challenge posed by computer automation. Uber has now abandoned its plans for self-driving trucks, focusing instead on passenger transportation.
Graphic designers using computers became more productive than typesetters, so automation facilitated the shift of work from typesetters to graphic designers.
In this post, I try to answer this question, drawing primarily from Furman et al.
Impact of automation on employment essay
Low-skilled workers are especially vulnerable to automation, and some of them are even unable to recover from job loss. Also important will be the use of automation to substantially increase productivity, and thus reduce employment, in many non-routine occupations. Shelia Cotten, a sociologist at Michigan State University in East Lansing, thinks that something similar will happen to truckers in the next few decades. Second, there is a strong substitution effect between occupations. Climate change is an obvious catalyst for innovation and, according to McKinsey, giving a boost to industries supporting renewable energy and energy efficiency could create up to 20 million jobs by Energy is another sector where investment is needed and where the positive knock-on effect for employment would be welcomed amidst rising automation. It further states that although half of all jobs have the technical potential to become automated based on currently available technologies, due to social, economic and technical factors, the rate of adoption will be varied and slow. The process is twofold, however, with a demand for existing jobs also expected to rise. Using US data, this column explores the effect of automation on employment growth for detailed occupational categories. Another problem is that education is not improving as quickly as it did during previous technological revolutions.
A useful table in the OECD report highlights the mean probability of automation for different sectors of the economy. Most refer to past technological progress as proof of how employment will adapt.
Amazon, too, has doubled the number of packing robots in its factories in recent years. That is, the story is not about machines replacing humans; rather it is one of humans using machines to replace other humans, as graphic designers with computers replaced typesetters.
Self-service technologies e. First, potential job losses are polarised: Jobs in administration and sales and many service areas will disappear, while jobs in the technical professions and personal services will remain. Furthermore, significant employment increases in the past have relied on productivity gains driven by automation and other technological advances.
The ability of labour markets to adapt will depend on how quickly automation comes.
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