Active voice in science writing activities

passive voice in scientific writing

Writing about scientific topics In some assignments, rather than reporting the results of your own scientific work, you will be writing about the work of other scientists.

What Is Active Voice? Urbana: NCTE, The more references you include, the more scholarly your reader will assume you are.

Active vs passive voice

It is hoped by specialists at these agencies that this will minimise risk of collisions in heavily populated areas. Thus knowing how your reader might react enables you to make more effective choices when you revise. Example 2: Active: Only a small number of empirical studies have focused on the patterns and mechanisms behind disease clusters at small spatial scales, especially in wild host—pathogen systems [2]. The first example does not tell who or what leads us to accept this conclusion about heart disease. Nature Publishing Group Web site: Nature. Do you have a question on this writing tip? The chicken is the one doing the action in this sentence, but the chicken is not in the spot where you would expect the grammatical subject to be. Strunk, William and E. Choose the passive voice when the performer is unknown or when you want to focus on the action or the recipient of the action. To emphasize an object. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers. For a more general discussion of writing in the sciences , see our handout. Several influential science journals—Science, Nature, and the British Medical Journal, among others—are quite explicit in this preference. Posted In:. An author may write a sentence in one of two "voices"—active or passive.

Was it the same person in each case or different ones? Using the first person in your writing humanizes your work. After all, human agents are responsible for designing experiments…writing awkward phrases to avoid admitting their responsibility and their presence is an odd way of being objective.

mixing active and passive voice

If possible, therefore, you should avoid using the first person in your writing. Revise If you decide that your sentence would be clearer in the active voice, switch the sentence around to make the subject and actor one.

After all, there is firm advice to the contrary. Active voice — the subject acts. Often the two go together.

use of passive voice in academic writing
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Active versus Passive Voice